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Behaviour & Training Tips

Lenke’s Basics for Dog Behaviour Homework;

2 Golden Rules:

FOUR FEET ON THE GROUND:

no jumping up on people,

no jumping up on furniture,

no“rewards” if the feet are not firmly planted on the ground.

Up time cuddling on the couch is

STRICTLY and ONLY when invited by an adult human and once cuddle time is finished, the four

feet are put back on the ground.

NOTHING IN LIFE IS FREE:

The nice stuff comes but only after its been earned.

Food – sit and wait politely and only eat when given the “ok”,

Walks – only get leashed up and set off on the walk if the behaviour is calm and mannerly. Cuddles – only get invited up for cuddles if its been politely requested by sitting or lying down quietly, etc

5 Fundamentals:

SIT – as the name suggests, bum on the ground, reward as soon as the bum touches down.

DOWN – as the name suggests, belly on the ground, reward as soon as the belly AND bum are down. Sometimes, you may need to repeat and wait for the dog to understand, but patience usually wins and payment with a suitable “happy party” when the dog gets it right will go a long way to bedding down the command and behaviour.

LOOK AT ME – dog makes direct eye contact with the human, usually from a sitting position, and gets rewarded as SOON as it meets the human’s eyes.

TOUCH – human holds hand out within easy reach, dog nose-touches hand and gets “paid” for doing this. Each time the human can move the hand a little distance further away to make the complication level just a little harder each time.

LEAVE IT – human holds the food items on flat hands, near the dog, saying “leave it”. If the dog reaches, human simply folds hands closed, repeating the “leave it”. Dog gets paid only once its made eye contact, or chosen to look or move away from the tempting treat.

IT IS BEYOND IMPORTANT that, for the first 10 days to 2 weeks, the dog is PAID (rewarded) for doing the work, so, if the human asks for a sit, AS SOON AS THE BUM TOUCHES THE GROUND, the human MUST pay the dog, either through a food reward, or a cuddle reward (if that’s what the dog prefers). The same applies for all the other 5 fundamentals. Sometimes, like with a down, the human will need to be very patient as some dogs are deeply uncomfortable

putting themselves into such a vulnerable position in the presence of strangers / other dogs /perceived or real threats. Patience on the humans part really is the key to teaching the dog, through their anxieties.

Failure to pay the dog for doing the behaviour will “poison” the command as well as pollute the dogs willingness to work for you making future teaching more difficult.

For any queries, questions, worries, observations etc,

PLEASE do not hesitate to WhatsApp

Lenke on 0838974849.

What Food Do we use in the Sanctuary?

We mostly use Royal Canin for all our dogs.

Dogs with joint and skin issues are on Orijen and Acana.

Those with Auto Immune Disease are on cooked food and specific supplements.

We feed twice a day if they are adults and three times a day if they are puppies.

First feed is at 08h00 the next feed for Puppies is 12h00 and the last feed for all is at 15h30.

Water is scattered around the Sanctuary in various places always in a clean bowl and always fresh

Dogie Toys

Toys are not left lying around as they cause fights when there are a number of dogs together at any one time.

So we select some toys and a few dogs and play that way.

We do not use any toys that are plastic that they can chew through and ingest.

We try not to use a squeaky toys as this stimulates the kill instinct.

We also watch the fluff that they don’t ingest that either.

We play tug o war and hide and go seek  and run races with them. .

No Kennel Philosophy

We do not believe that Yorkies (and other dogs) but Yorkies most especially should be ever kept in a cage.  This breed is far to gregarious to spend time locked up behind a fence.

So all the Yorkies here at our Sanctuaries and our Yorkie Old Age Home spend their days frolicking in the gardens, digging in the flower beds, rolling on the grass, having a supervised swim in the pool or unsupervised swim in the water features.

Then at night weary from the days activities of chasing and barking at birds and playing, they all snuggle up in their own or community beds (or in our beds of course).  On cooler nights they all have blankies and are tucked into bed by the latest 23h00 after their last walk in the garden with us while we man the poop scoop.

Portrait of yorkshire Sitting in front of white background; Thinkstock photo
Pet Emergency Health Care

Emergencies happen with dogs just as they do with humans.

A FIRST AID KIT

  • Antibiotic cream
  • Disinfectant
  • Sterile eye wash
  • Ear cleaner
  • Antihistamine tabs (know dosage)
  • Bandage
  • Gauze pads
  • Roll of adhesive tape
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Eyedropper
  • Cotton wool balls or earbuds/Q-tips
  • Activated Charcoal
  • Rectal thermometer
  • Small flashlight
  • Pantyhose or soft rope that can be used as a muzzle

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation..

This procedure is used when a dog is not breathing and its heart has stopped beating.

YOU MUST CONFIRM THAT THE HEART HAS REALLY STOPPED BEATING AND THE DOG IS NOT BREATHING.

  • Check your dog’s pulse – inside the hind leg near where it joins the body. (get used to finding and feeling this pulse so that when there is an emergency you will know where it is and how it feels.
  • Check breathing – watch for your dogs side to rise and fall.
  • Have a mirror handy and hold it in front of the mouth and nose – if the mirror fogs up your dog is breathing

 

CPR IS A COMBINATION OF RESCUE BREATHING AND CHEST COMPRESSION

 

Lay your dog on its right side on an elevated flat surface

  • If your dog is not breathing open her mouth and pull her tongue forward.
  • Then use your first two fingers to feel for anything trapped in her mouth or throat.
  • Clear away mucus or vomit
  • Wrap your hand around the dogs muzzle to make an air seal place your mouth against your hand and blow into your dogs nose.
  • You can see the chest rise and fall.  If you cant see this you need to blow harder.

Continue Rescue Breathing until the dog starts breathing on its own.

 

CHEST COMPRESSION

  • If your dogs heart isn’t beating, place the dog on a flat surface on its right side
  • Put the heel of your dominant hand over the widest part of the rib cage.
  • Put the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand and lace your fingers together and pull them back so that the heel of your hand is on the dog.
  • Keep your elbows straight
  • Press down firmly – then release
  • Do this rhythmically – 8 compressions per minute

THERE IS A GREAT POTENTIAL FOR INJURING YOUR YORKIE WHEN PERFORMING CHEST COMPRESSION – MAKE SURE ITS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY

10 MINUTES OF CHEST COMPRESSION SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO EITHER RESTART THE HEART OF LET YOU KNOW IT IS TOO LATE

CPR IS PUTTING A COMBINATION OF RESCUE BREATHING AND CHEST COMPRESSION .

  • 5 Chest compressions
  • 1 rescue breathing is what is needed

In essence you would need 2 people as this is exhausting work for one person.

Stop every minute to check if  the pulse and breathing have resumed.

 

MOVING AN INJURED DOG

Take care at all times.  Make sure the dog cant bite you. Keep the dogs body as stable as possible. Use both hands to cradle the Yorkie or put the Yorkie on a rigid surface .

BROKEN BONES – Be very careful, try not to move the broken bone area and get the to vet as fast as possible.

 

BLEEDING IS SERIOUS IN A SMALL ANIMAL

 

Staunch the bleeding with a gauze pad or clean material and apply pressure and get to the Vet immediately.

 

CHOKING

You will hear coughing and gagging and may have difficulty breathing….get to the Vet right away.

If the Yorkie has lost consciousness try to remove the object yourself try to pull it free not push it further in.

 

HEATSTROKE

Extreme heat, or exercise in the heat can result in heatstroke. NEVER LEAVE YOUR YORKIE IN A HOT CAR EVER.

Symptoms of heatstroke – gums and tongue are bright read, temp is over 104 Degrees the Yorkie may drool or vomit

DO NOT PUT THE YORKIE INTO COLD WATER

  • You can spray it lightly with water
  • lay it on cool wet towels
  • put the dog in an air conditioned room

Reduce the temp before driving to the Vet

 

INSECT BITES/STINGS

If there is only a minor reaction scrape away the sting if you can see it and apply a cold compress to the area and give the Yorkie the correct dose of antihistamine.

Multiple stings….get to the Vet

 

POISONING

Various things can cause poisoning

Snail bait, anti freeze, garbage, rats, toxic plants, herbicides, insects and human medication and various fruits, rat poison.

 

If you know what the Yorkie has eaten call Poison Control and get to the vet with a sample if you have it.

 

Activated charcoal can assist in the interim.

 

MAKE SURE YOU KNOW YOUR VETS CONSULTING HOURS AND WHERE THE CLOSES EMERGENCY VET IS LOCATED

 

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